Free Confidentiality Agreement

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Confidentiality Agreement



Whenever sensitive information needs to be shared between two parties it is a good idea
to use a confidentiality or non-disclosure agreement. This agreement will help formalise
the relationship and provide legal remedies if the confidential information is released.

Your Confidentiality Agreement

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THIS CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT (the "Agreement") dated this ________ day of ________________, ________


____________________ of __________
(the "Employer")


____________________ of __________
(the "Employee")
  2. The Employee is currently or may be employed as an employee with the Employer for the position of: ____________________________________________________________ In addition to this responsibility or position, this Agreement also covers any position or responsibility now or later held with the Employer (the "Employment").
  3. The Employee will receive from the Employer, or develop on the behalf of the Employer, confidential information as a result of the Employment (the "Permitted Purpose").

IN CONSIDERATION OF and as a condition of the Employer employing the Employee and the Employer providing the Confidential Information to the Employee in addition to other valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which consideration is hereby acknowledged, the parties to this Agreement agree as follows:

  1. Confidential Information
  2. All written and oral information and materials disclosed or provided by the Employer to the Employee under this Agreement constitute Confidential Information regardless of whether such information was provided before or after the date of this Agreement or how it was provided to the Employee.
  3. The Employee acknowledges that in any position the Employee may hold, in and as a result of the Employment, the Employee will, or may, be making use of, acquiring or adding to information about certain matters and things which are confidential to the Employer and which information is the exclusive property of the Employer.
  4. "Confidential Information" means all data and information relating to the business and management of the Employer, including but not limited to, the following:
    1. "Customer Information" which includes names of customers of the Employer, their representatives, all customer contact information, contracts and their contents and parties, customer services, data provided by customers and the type, quantity and specifications of products and services purchased, leased, licensed or received by customers of the Employer;
    2. "Intellectual Property" which includes information relating to the Employer's proprietary rights prior to any public disclosure of such information, including but not limited to the nature of the proprietary rights, production data, technical and engineering data, technical concepts, test data and test results, simulation results, the status and details of research and development of products and services, and information regarding acquiring, protecting, enforcing and licensing proprietary rights (including patents, copyrights and trade secrets);
    3. "Marketing and Development Information" which includes marketing and development plans of the Employer, price and cost data, price and fee amounts, pricing and billing policies, quoting procedures, marketing techniques and methods of obtaining business, forecasts and forecast assumptions and volumes, and future plans and potential strategies of the Employer which have been or are being discussed;
    4. "Business Operations" which includes internal personnel and financial information of the Employer, vendor names and other vendor information (including vendor characteristics, services and agreements), purchasing and internal cost information, internal services and operational manuals, external business contacts including those stored on social media accounts or other similar platforms or databases operated by the Employer, and the manner and methods of conducting the Employer's business;
    5. "Product Information" which includes all specifications for products of the Employer as well as work product resulting from or related to work or projects performed or to be performed for the Employer or for clients of the Employer, of any type or form in any stage of actual or anticipated research and development;
    6. "Production Processes" which includes processes used in the creation, production and manufacturing of the work product of the Employer, including but not limited to, formulas, patterns, moulds, models, methods, techniques, specifications, processes, procedures, equipment, devices, programs, and designs;
    7. "Service Information" which includes all data and information relating to the services provided by the Employer, including but not limited to, plans, schedules, manpower, inspection, and training information;
    8. "Proprietary Computer Code" which includes all sets of statements, instructions or programs of the Employer, whether in human readable or machine readable form, that are expressed, fixed, embodied or stored in any manner and that can be used directly or indirectly in a computer ("Computer Programs"); any report format, design or drawing created or produced by such Computer Programs; and all documentation, design specifications and charts, and operating procedures which support the Computer Programs;
    9. "Computer Technology" which includes all scientific and technical information or material of the Employer, pertaining to any machine, appliance or process, including but not limited to, specifications, proposals, models, designs, formulas, test results and reports, analyses, simulation results, tables of operating conditions, materials, components, industrial skills, operating and testing procedures, shop practices, know-how and show-how;
    10. "Accounting Information" which includes, without limitation, all financial statements, annual reports, balance sheets, company asset information, company liability information, revenue and expense reporting, profit and loss reporting, cash flow reporting, accounts receivable, accounts payable, inventory reporting, purchasing information and payroll information of the Employer; and
    11. Confidential Information will also include any information that has been disclosed by a third party to the Employer and is protected by a non-disclosure agreement entered into between the third party and the Employer.
  5. Confidential Information will not include the following information:
    1. Information that is generally known in the industry of the Employer;
    2. Information that is now or subsequently becomes generally available to the public through no wrongful act of the Employee;
    3. Information rightly in the possession of the Employee prior to receiving the Confidential Information from the Employer;
    4. Information that is independently created by the Employee without direct or indirect use of the Confidential Information; or
    5. Information that the Employee rightfully obtains from a third party who has the right to transfer or disclose it.
  6. Confidential Obligations
  7. Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, the Employee must keep the Confidential Information confidential.
  8. Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, the Confidential Information will remain the exclusive property of the Employer and will only be used by the Employee for the Permitted Purpose. The Employee will not use the Confidential Information for any purpose that might be directly or indirectly detrimental to the Employer or any associated affiliates or subsidiaries.
  9. The obligations to ensure and protect the confidentiality of the Confidential Information imposed on the Employee in this Agreement and any obligations to provide notice under this Agreement will survive the expiration or termination, as the case may be, of this Agreement and those obligations will last indefinitely.
  10. The Employee may disclose any of the Confidential Information:
    1. to such agents, representatives and advisors of the Employee that have a need to know for the Permitted Purpose provided that:
      1. the Employee has informed such personnel of the confidential nature of the Confidential Information;
      2. such personnel agree to be legally bound to the same burdens of confidentiality and non-use as the Employee;
      3. the Employee agrees to take all necessary steps to ensure that the terms of this Agreement are not violated by such personnel; and
      4. the Employee agrees to be responsible for and indemnify the Employer for any breach of this Agreement by their personnel.
    2. to a third party where the Employer has consented in writing to such disclosure; and
    3. to the extent required by law or by the request or requirement of any judicial, legislative, administrative or other governmental body.
  11. Avoiding Conflict of Opportunities
  12. It is understood and agreed that any business opportunity relating to or similar to the Employer's current or anticipated business opportunities coming to the attention of the Employee during the Employment is an opportunity belonging to the Employer. Accordingly, the Employee will advise the Employer of the opportunity and cannot pursue the opportunity, directly or indirectly, without the written consent of the Employer.
  13. Without the written consent of the Employer, the Employee further agrees not to directly or indirectly, engage or participate in any other business activities which the Employer, in their reasonable discretion, determines to be in conflict with the best interests of the Employer.
  14. Ownership and Title
  15. The Employee acknowledges and agrees that all rights, title and interest in any Confidential Information will remain the exclusive property of the Employer. Accordingly, the Employee specifically agrees and acknowledges that the Employee will have no interest in the Confidential Information, including, without limitation, no interest in know-how, copyright, trade marks or trade names, notwithstanding the fact that the Employee may have created or contributed to the creation of that Confidential Information.
  16. The Employee does hereby waive any moral rights that the Employee may have with respect to the Confidential Information.
  17. The Confidential Information will not include anything developed or produced by the Employee during the term of this Agreement, including but not limited to intellectual property, process, design, development, creation, research, invention, know-how, trade name, trade marks or copyright that:
    1. was developed without the use of any equipment, supplies, facility or Confidential Information of the Employer;
    2. was developed entirely on the Employee's own time;
    3. does not relate to the actual business or reasonably anticipated business of the Employer;
    4. does not relate to the actual or demonstrably anticipated processes, research or development of the Employer; and
    5. does not result from any work performed by the Employee for the Employer.
  18. The Employee agrees to immediately disclose to the Employer all Confidential Information developed in whole or in part by the Employee during the term of the Employment and to assign to the Employer any right, title or interest the Employee may have in the Confidential Information. The Employee agrees to execute any instruments and to do all other things reasonably requested by the Employer (both during and after the term of the Employment) in order to vest more fully in the Employer all ownership rights in those items transferred by the Employee to the Employer.
  19. Remedies
  20. The Employee agrees and acknowledges that the Confidential Information is of a proprietary and confidential nature and that any failure to maintain the confidentiality of the Confidential Information in breach of this Agreement cannot be reasonably or adequately compensated for in money damages and would cause irreparable injury to the Employer. Accordingly, the Employee agrees that the Employer is entitled to, in addition to all other rights and remedies available to them at law or in equity, an injunction restraining the Employee and any agents of the Employee, from directly or indirectly committing or engaging in any act restricted by this Agreement in relation to the Confidential Information.
  21. Return of Confidential Information
  22. The Employee agrees that, upon request of the Employer, or in the event that the Employee ceases to require use of the Confidential Information, or upon expiration or termination of this Agreement, or the expiration or termination of the Employment, the Employee will turn over to the Employer all documents, disks or other computer media, or other material in the possession or control of the Employee that:
    1. may contain or be derived from ideas, concepts, creations, or trade secrets and other proprietary and Confidential Information as defined in this Agreement; or
    2. is connected with or derived from the Employee's services to the Employer.
  23. Notices
  24. In the event that the Employee is required in a civil, criminal or regulatory proceeding to disclose any part of the Confidential Information, the Employee will give to the Employer prompt written notice of such request so the Employer may seek an appropriate remedy or alternatively to waive the Employee's compliance with the provisions of this Agreement in regards to the request.
  25. If the Employee loses or fails to maintain the confidentiality of any of the Confidential Information in breach of this Agreement, the Employee will immediately notify the Employer and take all reasonable steps necessary to retrieve the lost or improperly disclosed Confidential Information.
  26. Any notices or delivery required in this Agreement will be deemed completed when hand-delivered, delivered by agent, or seven (7) days after being placed in the post, postage prepaid, to the parties at the addresses contained in this Agreement or as the parties may later designate in writing.
  27. The addresses for any notice to be delivered to any of the parties to this Agreement are as follows:
    1. ____________________
    2. ____________________
  28. Representations
  29. In providing the Confidential Information, the Employer makes no representations, either expressly or impliedly as to its adequacy, sufficiency, completeness, correctness or its lack of defect of any kind, including any patent or trade mark infringement that may result from the use of such information.
  30. Termination
  31. This Agreement will automatically terminate on the date that the Employment terminates or expires, as the case may be. Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, all rights and obligations under this Agreement will terminate at that time.
  32. Assignment
  33. Except where a party has changed its corporate name or merged with another corporation, this Agreement may not be assigned or otherwise transferred by either party in whole or part without the prior written consent of the other party to this Agreement.
  34. Amendments
  35. This Agreement may only be amended or modified by a written instrument executed by both the Employer and the Employee.
  36. Governing Law
  37. This Agreement will be construed in accordance with and governed by the laws of .
  38. General Provisions
  39. Time is of the essence in this Agreement.
  40. This Agreement may be executed in counterpart.
  41. Headings are inserted for the convenience of the parties only and are not to be considered when interpreting this Agreement. Words in the singular mean and include the plural and vice versa. Words in the masculine mean and include the feminine and vice versa.
  42. The clauses, paragraphs, and subparagraphs contained in this Agreement are intended to be read and construed independently of each other. If any part of this Agreement is held to be invalid, this invalidity will not affect the operation of any other part of this Agreement.
  43. The Employee is liable for all costs, expenses and expenditures including, and without limitation, the complete legal costs incurred by the Employer in enforcing this Agreement as a result of any default of this Agreement by the Employee.
  44. The Employer and the Employee acknowledge that this Agreement is reasonable, valid and enforceable. However, if a court of competent jurisdiction finds any of the provisions of this Agreement to be too broad to be enforceable, it is the intention of the Employer and the Employee that such provision be reduced in scope by the court only to the extent deemed necessary by that court to render the provision reasonable and enforceable, bearing in mind that it is the intention of the Employee to give the Employer the broadest possible protection to maintain the confidentiality of the Confidential Information.
  45. No failure or delay by the Employer in exercising any power, right or privilege provided in this Agreement will operate as a waiver, nor will any single or partial exercise of such rights, powers or privileges preclude any further exercise of them or the exercise of any other right, power or privilege provided in this Agreement.
  46. This Agreement will inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns, as the case may be, of the Employer and the Employee.
  47. This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the parties and there are no further items or provisions, either oral or otherwise.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF ____________________ and ____________________ have duly affixed their signatures under hand and seal on this ____ ________________ ________.

______________________ (Employer)
WITNESS: ______________________
______________________ (Employee)
WITNESS: ______________________
Confidentiality Agreement Page of

What is a Confidentiality Agreement?

A Confidentiality Agreement is a legal document between two parties that prevents the release of information, ideas, transaction details, and more to third parties. It’s common for businesses to use these agreements during interactions with potential purchasers, clients, or hires to ensure confidential or proprietary information isn’t released or misused to the detriment of the owner.

The document formalises relationships between parties and guides behaviour and use of the information. It also acts as evidence of an agreement in court upon the release of confidential information.

A Confidentiality Agreement is also known as the following:

  • Non-disclosure agreement (NDA)
  • Confidential disclosure agreement
  • Proprietary information agreement
  • Secrecy agreement

Who are the parties in a Confidentiality Agreement?

A Confidentiality Agreement has two parties:

  • Information Provider: The party disclosing sensitive information for a specified purpose.
  • Information Recipient: The party receiving the sensitive information. They sign the Confidentiality Agreement to promise the Information Provider they will not release or misuse the information and will use it only for the specified purpose.

For example, when an employer and employee sign a Confidentiality Agreement, it’s usually to prevent sharing the employer’s private information. In this instance, the employer is the disclosing party, and the employee is the recipient.

When should I sign a Confidentiality Agreement?

A request to sign an agreement shouldn’t be taken personally. Think of the document as a substitute for trust. If an individual or business doesn’t know you, a Confidentiality Agreement is an easy way to ensure you don’t share sensitive information with competitors while building trust.

You should sign a Confidentiality Agreement when it’s necessary to protect confidential information, inventions, ideas, or artist creations during discussions, proposals, and negotiations. Common scenarios include the following:

  • When an employer wishes to protect company information while negotiating a position with a potential new hire or giving new responsibilities to an existing employee.
  • A client wishes to keep their company or personal information private when considering an independent contractor or consultant.
  • During a pending company acquisition, when the seller wishes to keep the proposed terms of the agreement and company information private (e.g., the research or "due diligence" phase).
  • When two or more businesses or individuals wish to begin working together, and the parties want to keep certain information discussed in negotiations in confidence (e.g., a joint venture, merger, partnership, etc.).

If you’re an employer hiring new employees, a more detailed Employment Contract can better outline confidentiality regulations between an employer and employee.

When is information not confidential?

Information is not confidential when it’s:

  • Already known in the industry
  • Becomes publicly known through no fault of the recipient
  • Already rightfully in the recipient’s possession
  • Created by the recipient through the recipient's independent research
  • Rightfully disclosed and obtained from a third party

Can a Confidentiality Agreement last forever in India?

The obligations created by Confidentiality Agreements in India typically last between two and five years, but some obligations can last indefinitely. It’s common for Confidentiality Agreements to extend beyond the duration of a business relationship if the sharing of trade secrets took place. Trade secrets can include methods, recipes, techniques, etc.

Confidentiality laws in India are governed by The Indian Contract Act, 1872.

How can a Confidentiality Agreement be breached?

The recipient will be in breach of their obligations under a Confidentiality Agreement if they mishandle, misuse, release, or otherwise use the disclosed confidential information other than for the purpose specified in the document.

Dishonest use of someone’s confidential information can also amount to a criminal breach of trust under Section 405 of India’s Penal Code.

How do I create a Confidentiality Agreement in India?

You can create a Confidentiality Agreement by completing LawDepot’s questionnaire. Using our template ensures you complete the following necessary steps:

1. Provide the relationship between the parties

The types of details you’ll need to provide in your Confidentiality Agreement will depend on the relationship between the information provider and the recipient. The types of relationships you can choose from include:

  • Employment/Service: Disclosing information to an employee or contractor
  • Purchase/Sale: Disclosing information as part of a potential sale
  • Invention: Disclosing information about an invention
  • Other: Describe the circumstances in which the information is being provided

2. State the parties’ location

States and territories in India may have differing confidentiality laws. Select the state or territory where your business will take place, and we’ll tailor your Confidentiality Agreement to meet the laws and regulations of your location.

You can use LawDepot’s Confidentiality Agreement template in:

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Assam
  • Bihar
  • Chandigarh
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
  • Daman and Diu
  • Goa
  • Gujarat
  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Jharkhand
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Ladakh
  • Lakshadweep
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Manipur
  • Meghalaya
  • Mizoram
  • Nagaland
  • National Capital Territory of Delhi
  • Odisha
  • Puducherry
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
  • Sikkim
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telangana
  • Tripura
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • West Bengal

3. State the information needing protection

A Confidentiality Agreement protects the disclosure of various types of information, such as:

  • Accounting information: accounting procedures, payroll, software, reports, etc.
  • Business operations: employer and employee personnel data and any internal cost information and operational procedures.
  • Customer information: any information relating to an employer’s customers or clients, including client lists, contracts, and business relationships.
  • Intellectual property: an employer’s patents, trade secrets, proprietary software or production processes, copyrights, and other test data. It may also apply to computer technology and scientific information used by an employer.
  • Marketing information: any information, campaigns, or projects an individual or business wishes to conceal from third parties.
  • Product and service information: procedures, packaging, equipment, and techniques used to produce a product or service.
  • Proprietary computer technology: any information relating to unique computer applications, tools, or systems.

4. Provide each party’s information

Provide the information provider’s and recipient’s name and address in your Confidentiality Agreement. Also, include whether the provider is an individual or a company/partnership.

In some cases there may be more than one recipient or provider - for example, if a company hires a partnership, all the partners may need to sign. LawDepot’s questionnaire takes account of these possibilities.

If the recipient is an employee or contractor, also include their job title and a description. This will make it clear why the employee will have access to the employer’s confidential information.

5. Describe the business or asset for sale (for purchase/sale)

Provide the name of the item up for sale and describe what it is.

6. Describe the permitted use of the confidential information (if applicable)

If you selected the “other” type of agreement at the beginning of the questionnaire, describe in your own words how the recipient is permitted to use the confidential information.

Use specific wording if the recipient can only use the information for a particular purpose. Use general language for more general purposes.

7. Outline the terms of the agreement

State whether the Confidentiality Agreement will end on a specific date or continue indefinitely. Also, include whether there are non-compete or non-solicit clauses and when they end.

What is a non-compete clause?

A non-compete clause restricts the recipient from starting a competing company or disclosing confidential information to competitors. However, it’s important to note that it can’t prevent people from working for competitors.

Note that a non-compete clause will likely be unenforceable under the Indian Contract Act, 1872, unless it’s fair and reasonable, both in terms of the business endeavour it affects and the period it covers.

What is a non-solicit clause?

Non-solicitation clauses are often included in Confidentiality Agreements among businesses during early discussions regarding transactions. This clause restricts the purchaser from hiring the employees of the seller.

Most non-solicit clauses last one or two years, but they can extend for longer periods as well. However, it’s important to note that a court may not uphold this clause if it deems the length of time unreasonably long for the particular situation.

8. Include any additional clauses

If there are any terms or conditions unique to your situation that the questionnaire didn't address, you can include them here.

9. Outline the signing details

State when the parties will sign the Confidentiality Agreement and if witnesses will be present.

It is a good idea to have witnesses present for the signing, even though most documents and contracts don’t require a witness for them to be legally valid. Many banks and other institutions have their internal policies about signing requirements. They may refuse to accept documents signed without a witness even though the documents are legally valid.

Your Confidentiality Agreement doesn’t require stamp paper to be legally valid. However, non-judicial stamp paper increases the likelihood a court views the contract as legitimate and therefore enforceable.

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